The issue of youth engagement in the agricultural sector strikes the heart of a very difficult issue. In the Pacific region, youth unemployment is significant. Coupled with low economic growth, limited job creation and opportunities in the formal sector for youth, the engagement of young people in the agricultural sector would seem a solution for many. Yet the contribution of agriculture to GDP is less than 3% in most Micronesian countries, less than 10% in most Polynesian countries, and less than 20% in most Melanesian countries.
“Food security exists when all people, at all times, have physical and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food that meets their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life”.
(World Food Summit, 1996)
This brief focuses on the following issues:
Agricultural and rural extension is one of the key policy instruments available to governments to bring about positive change in agriculture and rural communities.
Extension is the process of working with rural and farming communities to build on their knowledge and skills and thus improve their economic, social and environmental well-being.