The purpose of this report is to identify strengths, weaknesses and best practice from Pacific experiences with extension. Extension itself has transformed over the decades in the Pacific, from traditionally being an add on to research where extension agents transferred knowledge ‘down’ to farmers, to the involvement of multi-stakeholders where both research and extension are integrated during the planning stages of projects. Key drivers include food security, sustainability, participatory development, integrated pest management, globalisation and food quality. Although the need for multi-stakeholder approaches is recognised, Rural Extension and Advisory Services remain a low priority service of government in most PICs.